Forming plurals in Spanish is very easy … as easy as following the following rules:
If the word ends in a vowel you need to add an S. El libro >> Los libros.
If the word ends in consonant you need to add ES. La canción >> Las canciones.
But, as it is usual in Spanish…There are some exceptions!
Look at this resource and watch the video and you won’t have any problems forming the plural in Spanish ever again!
In Spanish, as in many other languages, we find that words can be feminine or masculine. The general rule is that when the word’s ending is -a is feminine and when the word’s ending is -o masculine … but this is Spanish my friend and, as usual, there are exceptions!
In the picture you will find an infographic with the general rules and exceptions, as well as a reminder of the artículos determinados and a tip for when you do not know what gender a word is.
It’s very simple. Pretérito pluscuamperfecto is the past of the past. When we talk about a story happened in the past and make reference to another that happened before … We use Pretérito pluscuamperfecto! As you already know the irregular participles it is very easy! Combine the auxiliary verb HABER in Pretérito imperfecto.
When you started studying Spanish, had you visited any Spanish-speaking country before?
Answer in the comments! (In Spanish!)
When we tell a story from the past and describe the circumstances surrounding it, we use Pretérito imperfecto. Also when an action is usual or lengthens in time. Here you can find its uses and conjugation. Luckily … There are only three irregular verbs! 😊
Do you want to practice? Describe in Spanish how your best childhood friend looked like!
Pretérito indefinido is the tense we use to talk about actions completed in the past. They have no relation to the present and are temporary. They are not usual or lengthen in time. Here you can find how to use it and its regular and irregular conjugation.
When was the first time you studied Spanish? Practice your Spanish answering in the comments 😊
Deciding when to use each one … is not an easy thing! Here you can find a very simple and general reminder with the most basic differences. If you want to deepen and practice you can access the specific infographics of each tense.
Share it if you found it useful and leave your comments and doubts below. Enjoy!
You’ll find this week’s post very usefull if you want to learn how to use el GERUNDIO in Spanish. It is really easy!
El gerundio is formed by adding -ando to the root of verbs ending in -ar and -iendo to the root of verbs ending in -er / -ir.
hablar >> hablando
comer >> comiendo
vivir >> viviendo
In some cases… is irregular!
The verbs ending in -ir that in the present tense / presente de indicativo required a change of vowel also modify the vowel in gerund: e >> i.
Pedir >> pidiendo
sentir >> sintiendo
venir >> viniendo
mentir >> mintiendo
reír >> riendo
servir >> sirviendo
decir >> diciendo
seguir >> siguiendo
Verbs ending in –er or -ir that in the present tense / presente de indicativo required a vowel change also modify the vowel in gerund: -o> -u.
poder >> pudiendo
dormir >> durmiendo
morir >> muriendo
If the root ends in a vowel, the i of -iendo becomes a y. i >> y
construir >> construyendo
leer >> leyendo
traer >> trayendo
oír >> oyendo
ir >> yendo
We use los comparativos de superioridad, inferioridad and igualdad to compare two or more objects or people and el superlativo to talk about an object or person “level of quality” and there are two types: relativo and absoluto.
In this post you will learn how to use them and the irregularities of the latter.
El comparativo de superioridad is formed with the adverb MÁS+ adjective, adverb or noun + QUE.
Tú eres más divertida que Sandra.
El comparativo de inferioridad is formed with the adverb MENOS + adjective, adverb, noun + QUE.
Yo tengo menos seguidores en Instagram que Emilio.
IMPORTANT! As in other languages there are some irregularities:
It is not correct to say “más bueno-a” but MEJOR. Mi casa es mejor que tu casa.
It is not correct to say “más malo-a” but PEOR. Esta comida es peor que la comida de mi madre.
It is not correct to say, when we talk about age, “más grande” but MAYOR. Mi hermano es mayor que yo.
It is not correct to say “más pequeño-a” but MENOR. Soy menor que mi hermano.
El comparativo de igualdad is made with TAN + adjective, adverb + COMO or IGUAL DE + adjective, adverb + QUE.
Conduces tan rápido como Fernando Alonso.
Marta es igual de inteligente que su madre.
When we use el comparativo de igualdad with a noun TAN must agree on gender and number. TANTO-A, TANTOS-AS+ noun + COMO.
En el zoo hay tantos osos como tigres.
We classify el superlativo in relative and absolute.
Superlativo relativo is formed with EL, LA, LOS, LAS + MÁS / MENOS + ADJECTIVE.
El más inteligente de la clase es Jesús.
Quito es la ciudad más bonita del mundo.
Los hijos de mi prima son los menos divertidos.
El superlativo absoluto is formed with Adjective + ísimo-a, ísimos-as, and we use them to emphasize that something or someone has a very high level of a certain quality.
Sofía Vergara es guapísima. (Es muy guapa, es super guapa)
Esta película es buenísima.
And, as usual, some are irregular!
Amable >> amabilísimo-a
Antiguo-a >> antiquísimo-a
Fuerte >> fortísimo-a / fuertísimo-a
Joven >> jovencísimo-a
Lejos >> lejísimos
Largo-a >> larguísimo-a
Pobre >> paupérrimo-a
Rico-a >> riquísimo-a
Malo-a >> malísimo-a / pésimo-a
Cerca > cerquísima